Lygodactylus Williamsi (Williams´ Dwarf Gecko)

ValueAquatics care SHEET           Lygodactylus Williamsi (Williams´ Dwarf Gecko)  

Equipment for keeping      Williams´ Dwarf Gecko

Terrarium: A trio 1 male two females PT2602 Exo Terra Glass Terrarium 30x30x45cm

Lighting for the PT-2602: Compact Terrarium Canopy PT2225+ Bulb PT-2186 Repto Glo 5.0 Compact NEW 13W   Heating:  The bulbs when on should give enough heat. A heat mat a Royce 7×12” with a Habistat Mat Stat  

Substrate: Orchid Bark  

Décor: Vines, Plants PT-3040 – 3052. Branches well secured, Pool Bark Effect small

Vitamins: Exo Terra Ca+D3 and Exo Terra multi vitamin powder

Lygodactylus Williamsi (Williams´ Dwarf Gecko)
Common name: Williams´ Dwarf Gecko, Electric Blue Gecko
Size: 6- 10cm (2.5-4”)Description: Males are bright blue with heavy black throat stripes, and visible preanal pores and hemipenal bulges. The females range from brown or bronze to bright green, and have little to no black on their throat. Females can easily be confused with juvenile or socially suppressed males that are also green, sometimes with a bluish cast. The underside of both sexes is orange. Colours of individuals vary according to mood and temperature—males may range from black or grey to brilliant electric blue. Females may range from dark brown to brilliant green with turquoise. Like all Lygodactylus and Phelsuma genus geckos, this species is diurnal. L. williamsi are bold, active, social, and males are territorial. Social gestures include lateral flattening, puffing out of the throat patch, head shaking and head bobbing, and tail-wagging.   In Captivity: These tiny lizards are generally housed in planted tropical vivariums/terrariums. Provided with UVB light, daytime temperatures of 85°F(29.4°C) with a 90°F(32.2°C) basking spot, and night-time lows of 70°F(21.1°C) to 75°F(23.9°C), they have proven to be fairly hardy. Humidity should range from 50% to 70%. Misting twice a day provides water for drinking, but these geckos have also been seen frequently drinking from small cups or from bromeliad bases. They will eat a wide variety of insects including fruit flies, mini-mealworms, phoenix worms, small silkworms, roach nymphs, and crickets up to 1/4″ in size. Calcium supplementation of insects is vital. Supplemented fruit puree or a commercial MRP (meal replacement powder, which is prepared with water) made for crested geckos or day geckos are readily accepted. Food offerings must be limited to avoid obesity, and feeding 3 times per week is sufficient when using MRPs. Only one male should be housed per group, to avoid dangerous aggression. Multiple feeding stations will help to avoid excessive aggression between females. These geckos breed readily in captivity, These small geckos are remarkable for their virtually fearless nature, and quickly tame. Handling is not recommended for such small animals, but they can be lured onto their keeper´s hands with insect treats, and will remain active and behave naturally while being observed, once they are acclimated to captivity (often as quickly as one month after introduction to their vivarium).   Feeding: fruit flies, small crickets (calcium & D3 dusted), phelsuma fruit & honey mixture (mixed fruit, fruit baby food, honey, vitamins)Environment: Found in the Kimboza Forest in eastern Tanzania. This tropical forest habitat is rapidly shrinking due to deforestation. A tall tropical terrarium with lots of branches and plants.Temperature & humidity: 25-29°C/78-85°F and a dry, sunny place for basking. 50–80% RHV (misting provides drinking water)
UV lighting should be providedBreeding: Males court females with lateral flattening, puffing out of the throat pouch, and head bobbing. Two to three weeks after copulation, the female lays a clutch of 2 pea-sized white, hard-shelled eggs which are glued to a surface in a secure, hidden location. The eggs are incubated between 78°F (25.6°C) and 86°F (30.0°C), at 60% humidity. No moisture should come in direct contact with eggs. The eggs hatch in 60 to 90 days. No need for incubation, I have found it best to leave the eggs in the terrarium.
The parents are often not so protective of their young and eggs so cover them with deli cup or something similar. Remove the young when hatched to another enclosure or they will become a snack for the parents.Young animals need a lot of calcium and UV so provide them powdered fruit flies & pinhead crickets.
They reach sexual maturity at 7 months

Sexing: dominant males have a beautiful blue green colour (azure); females are green and look almost gold dusted.
Young males or suppressed males will also be greenish like the females so the best way to sex them is to check for hemipenes bulges and femoral pores.
Males often will have a darker beard as well.

Males are territorial, so keep them separated or keep them in a large enclosure with lots of hiding places to minimize encounters.

It´s important to check for mites with these species, so put them in quarantine for a while and threat them for mites if necessary before introducing them to their enclosure.

ValueAquatics Care sheet: Fire Skink (Riopa fernandi)

EQUIPMENT REQUIRED FOR A Fire Skink (Riopa fernandi)

Vivarium Viv-Exotic 36inch VX36. Available in Beech, Oak, Walnut.

Lighting: PT-2132 Sun Glo Neodymium Daylight Basking Spot Lamp R20/75W. Arcadia ADCH Reptile Ceramic lamp Holder and Bracket.

For the UVA/UVB PT-2162  Exo Terra Repti Glo 5.0 (30″)25 Watt. ACR30 Arcadia IP64 Dry Vivarium Controller 25/30W.

Heating:(1)  Komodo Ceramic Lamp Fixture. PT-2144 Heat Glo Infra Red Lamp R20/100W. Ceramic Lamp Safety Guard – Medium. Habistat Dimming Thermostat.

(2) Komodo Ceramic Lamp Fixture. PT-2045 Ceramic Heat Emitter Heat Wave Lamp 60W. Ceramic Lamp Safety Guard – Medium. Habistat Pulse Proportional Thermostat.

Substrate: Highland Coco Fibre Bedding – Compressed Brick (10 Litre) or Orchid Bark 2-3kg for 3’ vivarium.

Décor: PT-2802 Exo Terra Water Dish Medium (many more to chose from on our site). PT-2821 Feeding Rock Reptile Cricket Feeder(optional). PT-2852 Reptile Hide Out Cave – Medium(many more to chose from on our site). Tree Stump Moss Box. Branches, Rocks and artificial plants.

Calcium and vitamins: Exo-Terra Calcium. Exo-Terra Multi Vitamin Powder.


Distribution: Fire skinks can be found in Guinea, East of Zaire, Angola and Uganda.

Size: Adult fire skinks will reach approximately 10-14 inches in length, with males being slightly larger.

Description: These Skinks are extremely colourful. They have a golden back with a bright black, red and white pattern on the flanks. Fire Skinks have a black and white throat; they have a black tail speckled in white. The scales are very smooth and glossy.

Heavy bodied with short legs.

Diet: They require as varied a diet as you can manage to include. Morio worms, Meal worms, roaches, locusts, brown and black crickets, Silk worms. Offer some fruits and chopped hard boiled egg as well.

Dust food with a calcium supplement two or three times a week and added vitamins once or twice a week. Make sure the Calcium and vitamins are low in phosphorus. Calcium with D3 is recommended.

Water: A shallow water dish is suggested for drinking, bathing, it also helps keep the humidity up.

Housing: These skinks should be housed in a 24” vivarium minimum though a 36” vivarium would be best for one or two skinks. Give plenty of hiding places made of pieces of wood/branches, cork bark, stones/rocks and artificial plants. This will offer the skink hiding places and security.

Substrate: Use coir (coconut fibre) or forest bark and keep it slightly damp not wet. Never allow it to dry out. Spray the substrate daily and maintain a humidity of 70-80% humidity.

Temperature: Fire Skinks require a day temperature of 80-85°F with a basking spot of 90-95°F.

Allow the night time temperature to drop to 75°F.

Heating: Heating can be by either ceramic heaters or Infra red bulbs. I prefer ceramic heaters, both need to be used with the appropriate thermostat and safety guard.

A digital thermometer with an external probe should be used to monitor the temperatures.
A digital hydrometer should be used to keep a check on the humidity levels.

Temperament: Males should not be housed together as fighting will break out though you can keep females together. Only keep a male and females together during the breeding season.

Life Span: 10-20 years

Fire Skinks like to burrow searching for insects and for security. They can be handled and soon become tame with handling. The bite can be painful like a clamp so initially be careful and wear a glove until they become accustomed to you.

They are diurnal, active during the day.

Lighting: The use of a spot bulb as a basking light is required and should be on for 10-12 hours to give them a photo period.
They also require UVA and UVB this helps them to synthesis the vitamin D3, it also stimulates appetite, sex drive colouration and general health.

Sexing: Males are generally brighter coloured; larger and broader headed then females.

Breeding: The Fire Skinks need to be well fed and in tip top condition for successful breeding. Moss boxes should be used and checked daily for eggs also check the rest of the vivarium for eggs that may have been laid elsewhere. The females can lay 5-9 eggs.

The eggs take 40-50 days to hatch in damp vermiculite or moss at 82-85°F.

Eggs may be laid between March and October if the Skinks are in good condition.

A well-fed Fire Skink will be necessary for a successful breeding and healthy babies.

Calcium and vitamins: Add Calcium +D3 three times a week and added vitamins about twice a week.


ValueAquatics News Lizard discoveries in the Pilbara Australia

The newly described northern Beak-faced Gecko.

Two new species of lizard have been discovered in the Pilbara Australia.

The reptiles were found during recent field trips led by the Department of Environment and Conservation, the WA Museum and two eastern state’s universities.

Reptile expert Paul Doughty believes the Mosaic Desert Skink and Northern Beak-faced Gecko are previously unknown and are not found anywhere else in the world.

“When you get out there in a place like the Pilbara you can actually pick up brand new species if you know what you’re looking for.

“The Northern Beak-faced gecko, this is a very cute lil’ fella. He is 6-8 centimetres long, has a very sharp face. They’re red with white pale yellowy spots.

“The Mosaic Desert Skink is a pretty skink with sort of fine checkerboard pattern with yellow and brown along the back and it’s got sort of bands around the tail and a yellowy head and it’s quite a handsome beast.”

The WA Museum says the new species are found in a wide enough area that mining activities should not threaten their survival.

New Pond Treatment from Tetra – FilterZym

 ValueAquatics offer this new Tetra product FilterZym that speeds up the maturity of new pond filters by promoting the growth of bacteria in the filter.

This means that you can add fish to a new pond with relative safety faster.

Simply add powder from the correct number of capsules to the filter media as directed in the instructions and leave the filter running then add your fish.

This does not mean fully stock the pond this should always be done gradually Two or three at a time over a period of a few weeks until the correct number of fish are added. Remember small fish will grow into bigger fish so allow for this when stocking a pond.

 The bacterium in the filter breaks down ammonia and other waste products from the fish, so are essential in filters. This is why there are so many problems when starting a new pond up or after filter maintenance.

 For a new filter use the powder from 3 capsules.

After filter maintenance of media change use the powder from 3 capsules as well.

 One box contains ten capsules.


Hides for big snakes

ValueAquatics Blog              Hides for big snakes

If you have a Common Boa or Rock or Burmese Python you might be at a loss looking for a hide for a big snake. ValueAquatics answer is to use a cat or dog bed, simply turn them upside down and hey presto big snakes hide.

They are easy to clean being plastic very strong and durable. They come in four colours Atlantic (light) Blue, Burgundy, Dark Grey and Navy Blue.

The sizes available are from 38cm (15”) up to 90cm (36”) to suit most of the bigger snakes.